For different reasons many people ask about the possibility of getting Ecuadorian citizenship. It’s not too difficult but you need to be sure that your home country permits dual citizenship or be prepared to become 100% Ecuadorian. US citizens are most likely familiar with the “loss of citizenship” warning printed inside our passports.
The US State department make these “potentially expatriating acts” more clear on its website:
POTENTIALLY EXPATRIATING ACTS
Section 349 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1481), as amended, states that U.S. citizens are subject to loss of citizenship if they perform certain specified acts voluntarily and with the intention to relinquish U.S. citizenship. Briefly stated, these acts include:
- obtaining naturalization in a foreign state (Sec. 349 (a) (1) INA);
- taking an oath, affirmation or other formal declaration to a foreign state or its political subdivisions (Sec. 349 (a) (2) INA);
- entering or serving in the armed forces of a foreign state engaged in hostilities against the U.S. or serving as a commissioned or non-commissioned officer in the armed forces of a foreign state (Sec. 349 (a) (3) INA);
- accepting employment with a foreign government if (a) one has the nationality of that foreign state or (b) an oath or declaration of allegiance is required in accepting the position (Sec. 349 (a) (4) INA);
- formally renouncing U.S. citizenship before a U.S. diplomatic or consular officer outside the United States (sec. 349 (a) (5) INA);
- formally renouncing U.S. citizenship within the U.S. (but only under strict, narrow statutory conditions) (Sec. 349 (a) (6) INA);
- conviction for an act of treason (Sec. 349 (a) (7) INA).
According to the US State department website, if you do not intend to relinquish US citizenship you are free to become naturalized in a foreign state. The US State department website continues with:
When, as the result of an individual’s inquiry or an individual’s application for registration or a passport it comes to the attention of a U.S. consular officer that a U.S. citizen has performed an act made potentially expatriating by Sections 349(a)(1), 349(a)(2), 349(a)(3) or 349(a)(4) as described above, the consular officer will simply ask the applicant if there was intent to relinquish U.S. citizenship when performing the act. If the answer is no, the consular officer will certify that it was not the person’s intent to relinquish U.S. citizenship and, consequently, find that the person has retained U.S. citizenship.
I am only presenting information collected from the US State department and I am not an attorney. However, it seems pretty clear to me that one should be able to apply for Ecuadorian citizenship without risking loss of US citizenship.
You can get Ecuadorian nationality by naturalization.
1. Be 18 years old or older.
2. Have a profession, business, job, or investment that allows you to live indepently.
3. Speak and write in spanish.
4. Have general knowledge of ecuadorian history and geography and also about Ecuador´s constitution.
5.Prove a minimum time of three years of residence since the date of expedition of the Ecuadorian identity card as a foreigner.
6. The time of residence is reduced to two years in the case that a foreigner is married to an Ecuadorian or has one or more children born in the national territory.
7. The absences of more than ninety days interrupts the time of legal residence. In case of serious reasons for health or studies, the Minister of Foreign Relations will be able to consider that such absences do not interrupt the time of legal residence.
Children of the foreign applicant could be included in the request of their father to obtain the Ecuadorian nationality, they have to be under 18 years old and depend on their parents.
8. Write a request asking for naturalization, this has to be sign by the applicant and a ecuadorian lawyer.
Once you get your ecuadorian citizenship you can get an ecuadorian passaport.
Information about Ecuadorian citizenship was taken from the Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores